Maternal Health & Substance Use


Lyall, V., Wolfson, L., Reid, N., Poole, N., Moritz, K.M., Egert, S., Browne, A.J., Askew, D.A. (2021) “The Problem Is that We Hear a Bit of Everything . . . ”: A Qualitative Systematic Review of Factors Associated with Alcohol Use, Reduction, and Abstinence in Pregnancy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18, 3445.

Wolfson, L., Schmidt, R., Stinson, J., Poole, N. (2021) Examining barriers to harm reduction and child welfare services for pregnant women and mothers who use substances using a stigma action framework. Health and Social Care in the Community. 00:1–13.


Rutman, D., Hubberstey, C., Poole, N., Schmidt, R., Van Bibber, M. (2020) Multi-service prevention programs for pregnant and parenting women with substance use and multiple vulnerabilities: Program structure and clients’ perspectives on wraparound programming. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth20(441).

Schmidt, R.A., Kaminsky, K., Green, C., Cook, J. (2020) Current alcohol screening and brief intervention practices among Canadian Midwives. Canadian Journal of Midwifery Research and Practice, 19(1).


Hubberstey, C., Rutman, D., Schmidt, R., Van Bibber, M., Poole, N. (2019). Multi-Service Programs for Pregnant and Parenting Women with Substance Use Concerns: Women’s Perspectives on Why They Seek Help and Their Significant Changes. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(18), 3299.

Greaves, L., Poole, N., Hemsing, N. (2019). Tailored Intervention for Smoking Reduction and Cessation for Young and Socially Disadvantaged Women During Pregnancy. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 48(1), 90-98. doi:10.1016/j.jogn.2018.10.007

Poole, N., Schmidt, R. A., Bocking, A., Bergeron, J., Fortier, I. (2019). The Potential for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention of a Harmonized Approach to Data Collection about Alcohol Use in Pregnancy Cohort Studies. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(11). doi:10.3390/ijerph16112019

Wolfson, L., Poole, N., Morton Ninomiya, M., Rutman, D., Letendre, S., Winterhoff, T., . . . Rowan, T. (2019). Collaborative Action on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention: Principles for Enacting the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Call to Action #33. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(9), 1589. doi:10.3390/ijerph16091589


Hemsing, N., Greaves, L., Poole, N. (2017). Preconception health care interventions: A scoping review. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 14, 24-32. doi:10.1016/j.srhc.2017.08.004

MacQuarrie, C., Bryanton, J., Greaves, L., Herbert, R., Smith, P., Begley, L. (2017). Adolescents’ Experiences of Smoking and Their Transitions to Motherhood. Youth & Society, 44118. doi:10.1177/0044118X17720367

Ordean, A., Graves, L., Chisamore, B., Greaves, L., Dunlop, A. (2017). Prevalence and Consequences of Perinatal Substance Use-Growing Worldwide Concerns. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, (11). doi:10.1177/1178221817704692

Pei, J., Tremblay, M., McNeil, A., Poole, N., McFarlane, A. (2017). Neuropsychological Aspects of Prevention and Intervention for FASD in Canada. Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology, 3(1), 25-37. doi:10.1007/s40817-016-0020-1


Greaves, L., Hemsing, N., Poole, N., Bialystok, L., O’Leary, R. (2016). From fetal health to women’s health: expanding the gaze on intervening on smoking during pregnancy. Critical Public Health, 26(2), 230-238. doi:10.1080/09581596.2014.968527

Poole, N., Schmidt, R. A., Green, C., Hemsing, N. (2016). Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Current Canadian Efforts and Analysis of Gaps. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, 2016(Suppl. 1), 1-11. doi:10.4137/SART.S34545

Rutman, D., Hubberstey, C., Poole, N., Hume, S., Van Bibber, M. (2016). Developing and Using a Common Framework to Evaluate FASD Programs: Results of a Three-Year Canadian Project. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 14(4), 472-482. doi:10.1007/s11469-015-9597-3


Hubberstey, C., Rutman, D., Hume, S., Bibber, M. V., Poole, N. (2015). Toward an Evaluation Framework for Community-Based FASD Prevention Programs. The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 30(1), 1.


Rutman, D., Poole, N., Hume, S., Hubberstey, C., Van Bibber, M. (2014). Building a framework for evaluation of FASD prevention and support programs: A collaborative Canadian project. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research (IJADR), Second Special Issue on FASD, 3(1), 71-80. doi:

Thomas, G., Gonneau, G., Poole, N., Cook, J. (2014). The effectiveness of alcohol warning labels in the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A brief review. International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research (IJADR), Second Special Issue on FASD, 3(1), 91-103. doi:


Nathoo, T., Poole, N., Bryans, M., Dechief, L., Hardeman, S., Marcellus, L., . . . Taylor, M. (2013). Voices from the community: Developing effective community programs to support pregnant and early parenting women who use alcohol and other substances. First Peoples Child & Family Review, 8(1), 94-106.

Poole, N., & Greaves, L. (2013). Alcohol Use During Pregnancy in Canada: How Policy Moments Can Create Opportunities for Promoting Women’s Health. Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue canadienne de santé publique, 104(2), e170-e172.


Hemsing, N., Greaves, L., O’Leary, R., Chan, K., Okoli, C. (2012). Partner support for smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review. Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 14(7), 767-776. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntr278


Drabble, L. A., Poole, N., Magri, R., Tumwesigye, N. M., Li, Q., Plant, M. (2011). Conceiving Risk, Divergent Responses: Perspectives on the Construction of Risk of FASD in Six Countries. Substance Use & Misuse, 46(8), 943-958. doi:10.3109/10826084.2010.527419


Nichter, M., Greaves, L., Bloch, M., Paglia, M., Scarinci, I., Tolosa, J. E., Novotny, T. E. (2010). Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure during pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries: the need for social and cultural research. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 89(4), 465-477. doi:10.3109/00016341003592552

Okoli, C. T. C., Greaves, L., Bottorff, J. L., Marcellus, L. M. (2010). Health Care Providers’ Engagement in Smoking Cessation With Pregnant Smokers. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 39(1), 64-77. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2009.01084.x


Poole, N., & Greaves, L. (2009) Mother and child reunion: Achieving balance in policies affecting substance-using mothers and their children. Women’s Health and Urban Life. 8(1), 54-66